Thursday, December 10, 2009
Tuesday, November 24, 2009
Monday, November 23, 2009
Sunday, November 22, 2009
Nations that ratify the UNCRC are bound to it by international law.As of December 2008, 193 signatories have ratified it, including every member of the United Nations except the US and Somalia.The UNCRC has been used as a blueprint for child protection legislation around the world.
The treaty restricts the involvement of children in military conflicts and prohibits the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography.However, the treaty's promise to protect children has not always been kept.In many cases, poverty is to blame for making worse, the plight of the most vulnerable.
Traditionally it has involved the exploitation of children in poorer nations, but an Al Jazeera investigation has found that it is also happening in developed countries, such as South Korea.
For four months, Al Jazeera surfed community boards on popular Korean Internet sites, and found an underground trade where pregnant women can sell their unborn children.
Saturday, November 21, 2009
Friday, November 20, 2009
Hakim Mohd Ariff Md Yusof memutuskan SPRM hanya berhak menyoal siasat saksi dari pukul 8.30 pagi hingga 5 petang.
Keputusan itu dibuat berikutan pendedahan mendiang Teoh Beng Hock (gambar demonstrasi diatas) disoal siasat sepanjang malam sehingga awal pagi sebelum di jumpai mati di perkarangan ibu pejabat SPRM Selangor di Shah Alam 16 Julai lalu.
Seorang lagi saksi yang turut disoal siasat ketika itu, Tan Boon Wah, telah memohon Mahkamah Tinggi untuk menyemak sama ada SPRM berhak menyoal siasat saksi pada bila-bila waktu.
Boon Wah turut mendakwa beliau di kasari oleh pegawai penyiasat SPRM ketika beliau di soal siasat.
Beng Hock mati dalam keadaan mencurigakan, malah seorang pakar bedah dari Thailand tidak menolak kemungkinan mendiang mangsa jenayah.
Berikutan keterangan pakar itu pada inkues Beng Hock bulan lalu, arahan diberi untuk menggali semula mayat mendiang Sabtu ini bagi membolehkan bedah siasat yang lebih terperinchi dijalankan.
Dalam keputusannya hari ini, Hakim Mohd Ariff menolak tafsiran SPRM bahawa
Ungkapan dari hari ke hari (untuk jalankan siasatan) dalam seksyen itu tidak bermaksud 24 jam tetapi waktu kerja pejabat yang biasa,” kata beliau.
“Justeru, saya bersetuju bahawa pemohon (Boon Wah) dalam kes ini telah ditahan secara tidak sah untuk disoal siasat.
Thursday, November 19, 2009
Tuesday, November 10, 2009
Sunday, November 8, 2009
Adopted in February 2007, the Paris Commitments are an expression of strengthened international resolve to prevent the recruitment of children and highlight the actions governments can take to protect children affected by conflict. A related document, the Paris Principles, sets out operational guidelines for the sustainable reintegration of former child soldiers.
A total of 84 states now have endorsed the commitments. The latest signatories are Albania, the Central African Republic, Eritrea, Guinea, Jamaica, Liechtenstein, Panama and Senegal.
Saturday, October 17, 2009
Other nuclear powers should join the US-Russia Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START), Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov (photo) says.
"The involvement of more nuclear powers to this process is a necessity that will become pressing in the near future," Lavrov said in an interview with the news agency RIA Novosti.
If Moscow and Washington are able to "reach an agreement on the level of reductions that we are proposing, the nuclear arsenals of Russia and the United States will be comparable to those of other official nuclear powers," Lavrov added.
Signed in 1991, START placed strict limits on the number of missiles and warheads in the Russian and US nuclear arsenals. But the agreement expires on December 5. Following a meeting on Tuesday with his US counterpart Hillary Clinton in Moscow, Lavrov said the two countries had made "substantial progress" in their negotiations for a new agreement.
Saturday, September 26, 2009
Thousands have streamed through the streets of Pittsburgh in a peaceful protest against the leaders of the world's top economies.
Waving banners and chanting slogans, the crowd stretched out of sight as people made their way down the city streets lined by black-clad riot police, still tense after the previous night's violent anti-G20 protests.
The G20 represents the leaders of the world's most powerful economies and the group's summits attract a diverse crowd of anti-globalization activists and anarchists opposed to what they see as its inhumane free market policies.
According to the security forces there were up to 4,500 marchers, but Peter Shell, president of the Thomas Merton Center which helped organize the march, estimated the number to be twice that.
Tensions ratcheted up a notch when three protesters bearing signs that said "Human need, not corporate greed" sat down in the middle of a city street, but the situation was resolved without a fight.
Tuesday, September 22, 2009
Saturday, September 12, 2009
For all its weaknesses, the Big Mac Index has caught on even among economists as a shorthanded way of looking at PPP across the world's economies. The table below -- reproduced from the Economist -- shows by how much, in Big Mac PPP terms, selected currencies were over- or undervalued at the end of January.
Aug 20th 2009
How many minutes to earn the price of a Big Mac?
THE size of your pay packet may be important, but so is its purchasing power. Helpfully, a UBS report published this week offers a handy guide to how long it takes a worker on the average net wage to earn the price of a Big Mac in 73 cities. Fast-food junkies are best off in Chicago, Toronto and Tokyo, where it takes a mere 12 minutes at work to afford a Big Mac. By contrast, employees must toil for over two hours to earn enough for a burger fix in Mexico City, Jakarta and Nairobi.
Saturday, September 5, 2009
Friday, September 4, 2009
Thursday, September 3, 2009
Dengan nama Allah yang Maha Pemurah lagi Mengasihani, segala puji bagi Allah yang Maha Berkuasa dan selawat dan salam ke atas sekalian RasulNya.
Bahawasanya kerana telah tibalah masanya bagi umat Persekutuan Tanah Melayu ini mencapai suatu bangsa yang merdeka lagi berdaulat sama setimpal kedudukannya dengan segala bangsa seluruh dunia.
Dan bahawasanya kerana dengan perjanjian yang disebut namanya Perjanjian Tanah Melayu tahun 1957 yang diperbuat antara Duli Yang Maha Mulia Baginda Queen dengan Duli-duli Yang Maha Mulia Raja-raja Melayu, maka, telah dipersetujui bahawa Negeri-negeri Melayu, iaitu Johor, Pahang, Negeri Sembilan, Selangor, Kedah, Perlis, Kelantan, Terengganu dan Perak serta negeri yang dahulunya dinamakan Negeri Selat, iaitu Melaka dan Pulau Pinang mulai 31 hari bulan Ogos tahun 1957, hendaklah menjadi sebuah Persekutuan baharu bagi negeri-negeri yang bernama Persekutuan Tanah Melayu.
Dan bahawasanya kerana telah bersetuju pula antara kedua-dua pihak dalam perjanjian tersebut, iaitu Melaka dan Pulau Pinang hendaklah daripada tarikh tersebut itu tamat daripada menjadi sebahagian daripada jajahan takluk Baginda Queen, dan Duli Yang Maha Mulia Baginda Queen tidak lagi berhak menjalankan apa-apa kedaulatan baginda ke atas kedua-dua buah negeri yang tersebut itu.
Dan bahawasanya kerana telah bersetuju pula antara kedua-dua pihak yang tersebut, iaitu Perjanjian Persekutuan Tanah Melayu tahun 1948, dan segala perjanjian yang lain ada sekarang antara Duii Yang Maha Mulia Baginda Queen dengan Duli-duli Yang Maha Mulia Raja-raja ataupun salah seorang daripada baginda itu sebelum tarikh yang tersebut hendaklah dibatalkan mulai daripada tarikh itu, dan semua kuat kuasa dan hak Duli Yang Maha Mulia Baginda Queen ataupun Parlimen Negeri United Kingdom dalam Negeri-negeri Selat ataupun Persekutuan Tanah Melayu seluruhannya adalah tamat dengan sendirinya.
Dan bahawasanya kerana Duli Yang Maha Mulia Baginda Queen, Duli-duli Yang Maha Mulia Raja-raja Melayu, Parlimen Negeri United Kingdom dan Majlis-majlis Undangan Persekutuan dan Negeri-negeri Melayu telah meluluskannya, Perjanjian Persekutuan Tanah Melayu tahun 1957 itu berjalan kuat kuasanya.
Dan bahawasanya kerana suatu perlembagaan bagi kerajaan Persekutuan Tanah Melayu telah ditentukan menjadi suatu kanun yang muktamad baginya.
Dan bahawasanya kerana Perlembagaan Persekutuan yang tersebut itu, maka, ada disediakan syarat untuk menjaga keselamatan hak-hak dan keutamaan Duli-duli Yang Maha Mulia-Raja-raja serta hak-hak asasi dan kebebasan sekalian rakyat untuk memajukan Persekutuan Tanah Melayu dengan aman dan damai serta teratur sebagai sebuah kerajaan yang mempunyai Raja yang Berperlembagaan yang berdasarkan demokrasi cara Parlimen.
Dan bahawasanya kerana Perlembagaan Persekutuan yang diadakan oleh Majlis Undangan Persekutuan yang tersebut itu telah diluluskan oleh suatu undang-undang yang diadakan oleh Majlis Undangan Persekutuan serta dengan undang-undang yang diadakan oleh negeri-negeri Melayu dan dengan ketetapan-ketetapan dalam Majlis Undangan Negeri Melaka dan Pulau Pinang, dengan demikian Perlembagaan itu telah berjalan kuat kuasanya pada 31 hari bulan Ogos tahun 1957.
Maka, dengan nama Allah yang Maha Pemurah lagi Maha Mengasihani, saya Tunku Abdu Rahman Putra ibni Aamarhum Sultan Abdul Hamid Halim Shah, Perdana Menteri bagi Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, dengan persetujuan dan perkenan Duli-duli Yang Maha Mulia Raja-raja Negeri Melayu dengan ini memasyurkan dan mengisytiharkan bagi pihak umat Persekutuan Tanah melayu bahawa mulai Tiga Puluh Satu hari bulan Ogos Tahun Seribu Sembilan Ratus Lima Puluh Tujuh, maka Persekutuan Tanah Melayu yang mengandungi Negeri Johor, Pahang, Negeri Sembilan, Selangor, Kedah, Perlis, Kelantan, Terengganu, Perak, Melaka dan Pulau Pinang dengan limpah rahmat Allah subnahu wa ta’ala akan kekal menjadi sebuah Negara yang merdeka dan berdaulat serta berdasarkan kebebasan dan keadilan dan sentiasa menjaga dan mengutamakan kesejahteraan da kesentosaan rakyatnya dan mengekalkan keamanan antara segala bangsa.
Wednesday, September 2, 2009
Tuesday, September 1, 2009
Monday, August 31, 2009
Saturday, August 29, 2009
Friday, August 28, 2009
Tuesday, August 4, 2009
Tuesday, June 30, 2009
To begin with, the question of a tussle of wills, so to speak, between the board of Petronas and the prime minister does not arise. The Articles of Association governing Petronas give the prime minister the absolute power to appoint and remove every single member of the board and management. The prime minister has the right to appoint or remove anyone, from the president and chief executive officer down to the company drivers. In particular, every member of the board is an appointee of the prime minister, and represents him on the board.
Therefore it is puzzling that appeals are being made for the prime minister not to interfere in the composition of the board of Petronas, when it is in fact his duty and sole prerogative to appoint members of the board who will help him in his function of overseeing the running of this wholly state-owned enterprise and seeing to the disposal of the wealth that it generates. Let us not suddenly forget the extent to which previous prime ministers directed the decisions of Petronas in service of their conceptions of the national interest.
Many discussions which raise the issue of corporate governance refer to Petronas as a GLC, and refer to governance practices proper to GLCs. But these GLCs have multiple shareholders and indeed publicly traded stock. Petronas is unlike any other GLC. It has only one shareholder: the state. Almost unique among national oil companies the world over, the entire oil and gas wealth of Malaysia is vested in Petronas. It has supervisory power over the major oil companies operating in our territory. It was not formed to privatise our oil and gas reserves but to safeguard our national sovereignty over them and to manage them more effectively as the common inheritance of all Malaysians. It is charged with ensuring our energy security.
Petronas’ sole owner is ultimately the Malaysian people. The person charged with stewardship of the people’s ownership is the prime minister, and he is accountable to the people through a democratic political process. Every member of the board is appointed by him to help him discharge this stewardship. In that situation if, as reported, any member of the board disagrees on principle with the prime minister’s decision to appoint someone, he should resign. This is the proper way for board members all appointed by a sole shareholder to express strong objection to an appointment.
Those calls being made in the name of good governance for the prime minister “not to interfere” unwittingly advocate bad governance because they are framed on a misunderstanding about the nature of Petronas and therefore about who it is accountable to, and how it should be governed.
Because Petronas is charged with the stewardship of public assets we need to understand the governance of Petronas in terms of a public process; that is to say, the political process. The Petroleum Development Act that I had the privilege to help design did not envisage Petronas becoming a mega-corporation accountable only to privileged insiders. The real framework for understanding governance in Petronas is its accountability to the people of Malaysia through the prime minister of their elected government. This could hardly be otherwise for an organisation vested with such awesome resources and responsibilities.
On scholarships and talent
When we started Petronas we could not find enough local talent. The late Tun Abdul Razak said to me: “Let’s use foreign talent only as consultants. Let’s staff Petronas with Malaysians.” I started the Petronas scholarship programme in my first year as chairman. We set aside 3,000 scholarships a year. In that first year we only managed to give out 1,000. Our intention was to flood Malaysia with returning talent, for whatever industry or sector. The scholars were not bonded, except where they had skills essential to Petronas such as geophysics or petroleum engineering. Understanding our role as custodians of the greatest single source of the people’s wealth, we deliberately pursued a broad rather than narrow scholarship programme to serve the national interest by building its human capital. So we gave out scholarships in fields of study as far from Petronas’ direct interests as architecture and medicine. We did not bond these scholars. I wonder if people understand the spirit of the Petronas scholarships when they are so quick to stigmatise a young person of ability with the title “scholarship defaulter.”
We should try to raise our level of public debate above the gutter of name-calling, racial slurs and the assumption of guilt by association. We should stop looking under our beds for ghosts and shadowy conspiracies. I’m disappointed to find such mean-spirited resentment of talent and of youth precisely when we desperately need those two ingredients in and around government. In our focus on the excesses of certain young people, we may have forgotten the excesses of the old and the decrepit.
I started by talking about the reported tussle between the PM and the board of Petronas. But this is a more real and consequential tussle involving a resource more valuable even than our oil and gas reserves: our people. There is now a generational struggle, in every political party, throughout the civil service, and wherever politics rather than merit governs promotions and appointments, between the young of this demographically very young country and self-interested incumbents blocking their rise with the Catch-22 argument that they are too inexperienced. How else will they gain that experience than by taking up those responsibilities?
We face a generational loss that will destroy our future if we continue to discourage talented and highly educated Malaysians in their thirties and forties from taking up key roles in our society.
Watch video on razaleigh.com
Saturday, June 27, 2009
As you may know, when Ted Turner announced his intention to give a billion dollars to support the UN almost 12 years ago, he did so because the United States was about a billion dollars behind in its payments to the UN.
The UN Foundation and our sister organization, the Better World Campaign, worked to build support for the original Congressional agreement, which in exchange for certain UN reforms, led to the U.S. paying over $800 million in debt to the UN. It was a great accomplishment.
Now, a decade after the first Congressional agreement, it is time to celebrate once again. Our government has recognized that we must keep the U.S. in good financial standing and honor our obligations at the UN. And with passage of the FY09 supplemental spending bill, debt to the UN accumulated since 1999 has been paid.
Indeed, great nations pay their bills, and by fully funding the UN and other international organizations whose work supports U.S. national security, we create greater legitimacy for our foreign policy and economic goals and empower U.S. diplomacy. In this way, we can continue America’s resumption of leadership through multilateral diplomacy.
Thank you for your continued support and interest in a strong U.S.-UN relationship.
Timothy Wirth signature
Timothy E. Wirth
President, United Nations Foundation
Tuesday, June 23, 2009
Friday, June 19, 2009
Tuesday, June 9, 2009
- EPP-ED : Group of the European People's Party (Christian Democrats) and European Democrats
- PES : Socialist Group in the European Parliament
- ALDE : Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
- UEN : Union for Europe of the Nations Group
- GREENS/ EFA : Group of the Greens / European Free Alliance
- GUE/ NGL : Confederal Group of the European United Left - Nordic Green Left
- IND/ DEM : Independence/Democracy Group
- Others : Others
Wednesday, May 27, 2009
Seventeen notified cases are still in the isolation wards at six referral hospitals for Influenza A(H1N1) for observation as at 8am today.
Director-general of Health, Tan Sri Dr Mohd Ismail Merican, said out of this number, six were warded at Sungai Buloh Hospital, four at Kuala Lumpur Hospital, three at Tuanku Jaafar Hospital in Seremban, two at Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Sabah, and one each at Raja Permaisuri Bainun Hospital in Ipoh and Sultanah Aminah Hospital in Johor Baru.
“Out of the 17 notified cases, 10 were confirmed free from the H1N1 virus from tests conducted by the Institute of Medical Research, while six are still waiting for the laboratory test results,” he said in a statement today.
Dr Mohd Ismail said there were 26 newly notified cases of suspected Influenza A(H1N1) yesterday, bringing the number of cases reported to the Crisis Preparedness and Response Centre to 269 as at 8am today, but all the 26 cases were confirmed negative.
He said Malaysia still had two infection cases as reported on May 15 and 16, but so far there had been no transmission taking place in the country.
Up to 8am today, the World Health Organisation (WHO) informed that two more countries – Kuwait and Iceland – reported one Influenza A(H1N1) case each yesterday, bringing the number of affected countries to 46 involving 12,566 confirmed cases worldwide.
WHO also reported that nine countries recorded an increase in the number of cases in 24 hours with Peru having eight cases, Japan (six), the United Kingdom
(four), Spain (three), China (three), Hong Kong (two), and Australia, the Philippines, Colombia and Russia, one case each.
WHO said there were no new deaths among the 91 already reported.
Dr Ismail said in the 24 hours up to 8am today, 9,972 people arriving in the country by air, sea or land had been screened at the checkpoints, with three of them referred to the hospitals for further examination.